More than 3900 injuries associated with accidental electrical shocks are treated in emergency rooms annually according to the Consumer Product Safety Commission. An Electrocution occurs when a body comes in contact with an appliance, person or animal that conducts electricity.
An electrocution has many causes:
- Bad or outdated wiring installations.
- Break of insulation.
- Electrical appliances coming in contact with water.
- Lightning strikes, downed power poles and lines , or faulty appliances.
When a domestic electrocution occurs, the body becomes a part of the circuit. The minimum current that flows into that body is between 7-25 mA for a woman . 10-32 mA for a man with a voltage greater than 500v . Voltages under that value do not cause severe injuries most of the time. It is advisable to call a doctor as soon as possible, especially if the person injured is a child .
An electrical shock does not make noise so you may not heard that happens . The symptoms of an electrocution are:
- Unconsciousness. It is the first sign of electrocution . The body of the person injured lays down in the floor and he/she is not able to talk or walk .
- Involuntary muscle contraction : he/she is not be able to move. The victim is thrown away from the contact . Besides, If the area has not been cleared out, the materials or tools found there can provoke long-lasting harm.
- Painful shock. The shock may be undetectable at the early stage of the injury . But during the medical assistance many hours later.
- Difficulties of breathing or respiratory arrest.
WHICH ACTIONS STEPS TO TAKE WHEN IT OCCURS:
If you are going to help someone who has sustained an electric shock, these are steps to follow:
- Do not touch the victim if the power supply is still ON. First and foremost, disconnect the power supply. If you don’t know how to do that correctly call a neighbor or someone who is qualified . An electrician is the person recommended here. This disconnection is really important because it clears the area and limit any form of hazard with the victim.
- Check the pulse rate. If you do not feel or sense anything try a cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) technique. Then call an emergency service .
- If the person responds and breathes well, look for dry clothes to cover him and call an ambulance . If the injuries are already visible, just cover them with a light material that does not stick. Don’t move the body unless it is risky to let it at the same position. Do not attempt any medical assistance unless you have such qualifications.
- Be calm and if the person is still conscious try to reassure him/her as much as you can.
- If you noticed that a person started feeling cold or fiver, then call a doctor.
- In case of convulsions( yes bodies react in different ways) do not panic and call a doctor for an immediate assistance .
It is crucial to stay positive and optimistic as well. Current will always choose the easiest path to pass through. This is why a body, when the situations are favorable, becomes a good conductor. In order to avoid problems caused by a domestic electrocution in the future, this is what we recommend.
- Hire a skilled electrician for all your works .this article can be of great help 05 ways to find the perfect electrician for your job
- Always walk with shoes in wet places.
- Learn how to disconnect power supply if you did not know how to do that.
- Disconnect supply and keep your appliances away from wet environment.
- Do not use many extensions cords in one switch.
- Install safety switches and equipment.
- Ask for an inspection at least once a year.
Domestic electrocutions are unpredictable and hide serious problems most of the time. Exposure to high voltage, may results in serious damages in health . It is your responsibility as a business owner or home owner to take major decisions to protect your family or employees.